POWER GENERATION

Category: Project generation

Current Rwanda Power Generation Status

No

 

INSTALLED CAPACITY(MW)

Renewable energy (Sub-Total)

113.1

Renewable share % to the total generation

53.6

1

Ntaruka

11.25

2

Mukungwa 1

12.0

3

Nyabarongo I

28.0

4

Gisenyi

1.2

5

Gihira

1.8

6

Murunda

0.1

7

Rukarara 1

9.5

 8

Agatobwe

0.2

 9

Janja

0.2

10

Rugezi

2.2

11

Keya

2.2

 12

Rushaki

0.04

13

Nkora

0.68

 14

Mutobo

0.2

 15

Nyamata Solar

0.03

 16

Nyabahanga

0.20

17

Cyimbili

0.3

18

Mazimeru

0.5

 19

Nasho Solar

3.3

 20

Nyamyotsi II

0.1

 21

Nyirabuhombohombo

0.5

 22

Nyamyitsi I

0.1

23

Nshili1

0.4

 24

Gashashi

0.2

25

Musarara

0.438

26

Mukungwa 2

2.5

27

Rukarara 2

2.2

28

Giciye1

4.0

29

Giciye2

4.0

30

Jali

0.25

31

Ndera

0.0

32

GigaWatt /Rwamagana

8.5

33

Ruzizi 1

3.5

34

Gaseke

0.5

35

Ruzizi 2

12.0

Non-renewable energy (sub-total)

97.8

Non-renewable energy % to the total generation

46.4

36

Jabana 1

7.8

37

Gishoma

15.0

38

KSEZ TPP

11.0

39

SES CIMERWA

14.0

40

Jabana 2

20.0

41

KP1

3.6

42

Kibuye Gaz methane

26.4

Total

210.9

Evolution of Power Generation mix in % by December 2016

 No

 Plant Type

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

1

Hydro

43.08%

45.97%

42.00%

43.85%

51.53%

43.22%

40.85%

2

Diesel

37.65%

35.73%

41.29%

39.97%

30.63%

27.84%

24.68%

3

Methane gas

3.59%

3.40%

3.11%

3.01%

2.31%

15.91%

14.10%

4

Solar

0.25%

0.24%

0.22%

0.21%

5.61%

4.70%

5.84%

5

Peat to power

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

7.15%

6

Imports

15.44%

14.65%

13.39%

12.96%

9.93%

8.33%

7.38%

 

Hydropower

Over the last decade, Rwanda’s hydropower sector showed a tremendous progress. Overall installed capacity of power is about 210MW, hydropower contributing approximately 50% of it.

This was achieved by involving private investors in the energy sector; Independent Power Producers (IPPs). Equally contributed to achievement in energy sector is a conducive legal and regulatory environment for private investors in this area.

Grid connected hydropower plants

21 hydropower plants are grid connected and account to 98.93MW. They included national and shared regional Rusizi I&II HPPs.  Hydropower makes up approx. 50% of the total installed capacity.

Hydro plants are publicly owned and operated, leased to private companies, or privately owned (IPP). The publicly owned power plants are managed by the national utility REG/EUCL. They include larger plants such as Ntaruka, Mukungwa and Nyabarongo I, with a total capacity of about 67 MW. Independent power producers own and operate 5 plants (10 MW). Other 8 power plants (13 MW) are privately operated through 25 years leasing agreements with the GoR,.

NYABARONGO II Project

The Nyabarongo II Multipurpose Project is designed to construct a dam across Nyabarongo River downstream of Nyabarongo I Hydro-Electric Power Plant to purposely utilize the flow of Nyabarongo and Akanyaru rivers for power generation (128 MW) as follows: Shyoring Dam Hydro-Electric Power Project of 37.5 MW, Butamwa Pump Storage Hydro-Electric Power Project of 40 MW, Juru Pump Storage Hydro-Electric Power Project of 40 MW, and Lake Sake Outlet Hydro-Electric Power Plant of 10.5 MW.

Apart from the Hydropower component which will largely boost existing installed capacity, the project will also contribute to irrigation systems and increase level of water supply to Kigali and Bugesera residents and industries.

The Feasibility Studies for the project development are completed and its development/implementation is under consultations.

 Off-grid micro hydropower plants

Currently, 11 micro hydropower plants MW exist in Rwanda as isolated networks. These plants were originally developed by the GoR, and handed over to private sector management to increase the private sector contribution in energy generation. GoR has recently leased out these sites to private investor to better operate, upgrade and connect them to the grid. There is also pico hydropower plants in the range of 1-10 kW which are either publicly owned and operated by the local communities or entirely private.

Ø        By December 2016, 7 privately developed hydropower plants with a total capacity of 16 MW were under different phases of construction, with commercial operation dates (COD) planned in 2019.

Ø       Some 43 hydropower projects are at different stages of development by the private people/firms with a total capacity of about 53 MW. Of these, 14 hydropower projects with a total capacity of 26 MW have seen their concession agreement approved by the GoR by June 2016. Other 32 projects with a total capacity of about 30 MW are at early stage of development. We have also 40 smaller sites (9.2 MW in total) feasibility studies have been conducted on behalf of REG.

Ø        About 30 companies, both local and international companies, are by April 2017 involved in hydropower projects development in Rwanda. The total investment volume for the 18-private sector driven hydropower plants in construction and advanced development stage (39 MW) can be estimated at about 150 Mio USD.

Solar Energy

Rwanda’s Total on-grid installed solar energy is 12.08 MW. There is no on-grid solar project ongoing now. Households far away from the planned national grid coverage are encouraged to use Solar Photovoltaics (PVs) to reduce the cost of access to electricity. The Rural Electrification Strategy in Rwanda approved in June 2016 outlines strategies through which Rwanda’s households could “have access to electricity through the most cost effective means by developing programmes that will facilitate both the end users to access less costly technologies and increase private sector participation in the provision of these solutions” (MININFRA, RES, 2016).

In line with this strategy, the EDCL signed MoUs with some 24 private companies to increase the supply of off-grid solar home systems, improving the country’s supply chain, bringing solar systems closer to the clients countrywide. As a result, some 18,312 solar units have been disseminated so far.

 

Methane Gas

1.      1. Background

Methane Gas Resources is found in the Lake Kivu in the Eastern African Rift Zone. The lake contains high concentrations of naturally occurring methane gas (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2), with the highest concentrations at depths ranging from 270m to 500m at an area of around 2,400 sq.km

The oxygenated upper layer of the lake from the surface to a depth of 60m supports the lake’s biology. The resource is equally shared between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Until 2004, extraction of the gas was done on a small scale, with the extracted gas being used to run boilers at a brewery in Gisenyi. Since then, the Government of Rwanda has prioritized the production of electricity from this unique resource in order to address the growing electrical energy deficit.

Methane gas resources available in the Lake is estimated to sufficiently generate 700 MW of electricity over a period of 50 years. Apart from electricity generation, this resource can also be used to produce agriculture fertilizers and other form of liquid fuel.

2.     2. Completed and Ongoing Methane-to-Power Projects

                     i.         KivuWatt project, a subsidiary of Contour Global (US-based Company) plans to generate 100MW in two phases, the first phase, which was commissioned in December 2015 is currently producing around 26.4 MW that will be followed by the second phase of 75 MW.

                   ii.         Kibuye Power (KP1) pilot project located in Rubavu district, has been generating around 3MW of electrical power with the design capacity of 3.6 MW;  Symbion Power acquired  this power plant through the liquidation process and is now mobilizing funds to revive the plant and scale it up to 50 MW.

                  iii.          Symbion Power Lake Kivu Ltd, a subsidiary of Symbion Power LLC, has signed on 8th December 2015  a 25-year power purchase agreement (PPA) with the Rwanda Energy Group (REG) for a 50 Megawatt (MW) methane gas to power project ,the Power plant will be located on Nyamyumba sector in Rubavu District. The first barge will provide 14 MW of electricity 15 months after the project reaches Financial Close.

To ensure the safe extraction of Lake Kivu methane gas and the surrounding population through the preservation of the lake’s stability, a team of international experts developed the Management Prescriptions (MPs) to establish key requirements and guidelines for exploiting the methane gas resource and are yet to be recognized in Law.

Peat to Power

1. Background

Rwanda peat study indicate that Rwandan peat bogs contain up to 155 million tonnes of dry peat covering a combined area of 50 000 hectares. About 77% of peat reserves are near Akanyaru and Nyabarongo rivers and the Rwabusoro Plains.

The study indicates a potential for electricity generation from exploitable peat reserves of about 150 MW for sod peat application and 117 MW for milled peat application based on 30 years of operation.

2. Completed and Ongoing Methane-to-Power Projects

i. Gishoma 15 MW Peat to Power Project

Since 2010, the Government started development of the 15MW peat power plant in Gishoma, Rusizi District, to reduce electricity deficit which the country was facing and to coincide with a significant growth of electricity demand observed in the region as a result of the expansion of the local cement factory and country development.

In the above context, the consortium of Shengli Energy Group Co. Ltd/Shandong Run Power Plant Engineering Technology Co Ltd was awarded in 2012 a contract to build 15 MW Peat Fired Power Plant in Gishoma, Rusizi District, Western Province.

As it was the first of its kind in Rwanda and in Africa in general, the plant was constructed as a pilot power plant to demonstrate the possibility of generating electricity from peat energy available in the region. Currently construction works have been completed and the power plant was tested and connected successfully to the grid.

The project was completed in 2017 and both testing and commissioning have been successful. REG asked the building consortium to fix some few technical issues before handing over the plant to Government for operation and maintenance.

ii.Hakan Project

YUMN Ltd. is developing an 80 MW peat fired power plant in South Akanyaru prospect in Gisagara District and the project is to be developed as Public Private Partnership (PPP). On Feb 10, 2016, Amendment and Restatement Deeds for Power Purchase Agreement, Concession Agreement and Government Guarantee have been signed. Since February 2017 the project is under construction phase and it constructions activities will cover a period of 45 months from the effective date which occurred on 14th November 2016. The operation period is 26 months from commercial operation date. At the end of the operation period, HAKAN will transfer the power plant back to the Government of Rwanda.

The Government of Rwanda has committed to provide to Hakan the access road to the site, the evacuation transmission line from the power plant to the grid, construction energy and water during a construction period and operation period for the construction, testing, and commissioning. Currently the access road, construction energy and construction potable water were granted to Hakan. MoU for routine maintenance of the access road was signed by all concerned parties. Contract negotiation for the construction of the evacuation transmission line is ongoing.

Important Generation Projects

·         30 MW Power Import from Kenya

·         50 MW IPP Methane-Gas to Power Project by Symbion in Rubavu

·         80 MW HAKAN peat power in Gisagara

·         80 MW Rusumo Hydro Power Project in Kirehe shared with Tanzania and Burundi

·         147 MW Rusizi III Hydro Power Project

·         287 MW Rusizi IV shared with DRC and Burundi

·         400 MW Power Import from Ethiopia

 

Copyright © 2017 Rwanda Energy Group Limited . All Rights Reserved.